Hi everyone! I have a 1 year old male papillon puppy. He has always been very different ever since he was a puppy and we have grown to believe that he has mild hydrocephalus. The vet said it would be very expensive confirming this, and there isn't much they can do, so just to treat him as a special needs dog. He doesn't hear or see very well. He also doesn't seem to have a good understanding of a lot going on around him. For the first 10 months of his life being home with us, we had him using male dog wee wees for incontinence because we could NOT prevent him from peeing inside. It just would not happen. Sometimes 4 or 5 times within a ONE minute! He does pee outside now, and he basically only poops outside unless he has an accident here or there (so we really feel he has the ability to understand) He has just been neutered, which we figured would help - and definitely did slightly. Now we are starting to look at options of training him to solely pee outside. We have been doing treat praising while walking and verbally praising. However, he still isn't quite getting it. I'm wondering if anyone has dealt with outdoor training of a hydrocephalus or mentally challenged dog before and if you had any special tricks help you out! It is pretty hard to find information out about this because these dogs are typically just deemed untrainable ! But we want to give him the best possible life. Also if you have any other tips or experiences dealing with this type of dog, I'd be really happy to hear about it. Thanks in advance !!!