. Before 9/11, the Border Patrol in the U-S used exclusively shelter dogs to search for contraband - that might be drugs, explosives, big cash, weapons, or other smuggled goods, such as exotic wildlife [living or dead], wildlife PARTS, poached game, etc. the U-S Fish & Wildlife, a Federal dept, also used dogs sprung from shelters - they searched boats, shipping containers, airplanes, luggage, cargo, vehicles, & persons for smuggled or hidden banned foods [which might transport pests or pathogenic microbes], live plants in soil, fresh fruits & veg, dead or living exotic species, wildlife parts, poached game or illegal fish / shellfish, & more. Shelter employees or volunteers would nominate dogs who were too antsy & active to be good pets, but who would be perfect working dogs - active, enthusiastic, hard to discourage, never-quit dogs. They'd be tested by a rep, who would take dogs that met their search criteria - having witnessed one such "test", I think at least some of their testing-reps were sadists who enjoyed torturing both dogs & humans, but that's a different topic. Suffice to say, lots of good dogs with unknown or unhappy histories performed fantastic jobs, stopping millions of dollars in narcotics alone at heavily-trafficked border gates, bridges, & seaports around the USA. When 9/11 fueled insane levels of paranoia in D.C., the shelter-dog programs were scrapped, & E.U.-imported, bred for the purpose, hotshot BSD-Malinois became the flavor of the month for all k9-jobs. These dogs are on average, 9 to 18-MO, & cost an average of $1,500 to 2K, green-trained. They are also overkill - they bite on minimal or even zero provocation. U don't need bite-trained dogs to search a vehicle or a boat or a shipping container, & U don't WANT a bite-trained dog to search airline passengers! Inevitably, bad things happened & continue to happen - innocent ppl get badly bitten. Customs Dog Attacks 4-Year-Old Girl @ IAD - FlyerTalk Forums FlyerTalk - The world's most popular frequent flyer community - FlyerTalk is a living, growing community where frequent travelers around the world come to exchange knowledge and experiences about everything miles and points related. › ... › Checkpoints and Borders Policy Debate, Feb 19, 2010 - 15 posts - 12 authors Poor kid. I hope that she wasn't badly hurt and isn't afraid of dogs in the future... Boy with autism bit by Henderson K-9 while police were searching for ... abc11.com/boy-with-autism-bit-by-henderson-k-9-while...searching.../3301821/ Apr 5, 2018 - A Henderson teen with disabilities is in the hospital after his family says a police dog bit him. 'There's An Infant In The Car!' Says Cop As Police Dog Bites Toddler ... https://www.huffingtonpost.com/.../k9-attacks-toddler_us_56840804e4b06fa68881a4... Dec 30, 2015 - The video quickly spirals into the Belgian Malinois biting a 17-month-old child's arm, the Las Vegas Review-Journal reports with the video's ... Police dog mistakenly bites child - News - Shelby Star - Shelby, NC www.shelbystar.com/news/20180317/police-dog-mistakenly-bites-child Mar 17, 2018 - A little girl was bitten when a police dog chased a suspect through a neighborhood Friday afternoon. ... "A K9 unit is a great tool for us, from apprehensions to searching for missing persons, ..." _________________________________ . Now, a new person is promoting the "shelter to K9" concept - but I can't promote him, or his methods, sadly. He's "saving" shelter dogs, but he's using old-fashioned yank-n-yell or shock-collars, choke-chains, etc, as training tools. - terry .